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Eur J Cell Biol. 1992 Jun;58(1):62-70.

Monoclonal antibodies against 5'-nucleotidase from a human pancreatic tumor cell line: their characterization and inhibitory capacity on tumor cell adhesion to fibronectin substratum.

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Institut für Anatomie und Zellbiologie, Philipps-Universität, Marburg/Germany.


Four mouse monoclonal antibodies (PTN63, PTN108, PTN124, PTN514) against the ecto-5'-nucleotidase purified from a human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell line (PaTu II) have been raised and characterized. All four monoclonal antibodies recognize the protein moiety of the glycosylated ecto-5'-nucleotidase. In competition assays it was demonstrated that three of the antibodies (PTN63, PTN108, PTN514) recognize different epitopes within the protein moiety. Furthermore, PTN108, PTN124, and PTN514 reduced the 5'-nucleotidase AMPase activity in contrast to PTN63 having no inhibitory effect. The antibodies show no cross-reactivity with ecto-5'-nucleotidases from rat liver, bull seminal plasma, chicken gizzard and human peripheral blood cells. When assayed by indirect immunofluorescence the antibodies react with the plasma membrane of human pancreatic tumor cells with varying staining intensity. Immunocytochemistry on paraffin sections of normal human pancreas revealed a prominent staining of the pancreatic duct cells. No staining of the acinar and islet cells could be detected. Thus, 5'-nucleotidase is a marker enzyme for pancreatic duct cells and can be used to determine the origin of pancreatic tumor cells. PTN63 reduced the attachment to fibronectin substratum of a human pancreatic adenocarcinoma tumor cell line possessing a high amount of plasma membrane bound ecto-5'-nucleotidase, but had no effect on a cell line lacking the membrane bound AMPase. In contrast, PTN108 and PTN514, which inhibit the AMPase activity, exhibited no influence on the adhesion of human pancreatic tumor cells to fibronectin substratum.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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