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Blood. 2006 May 1;107(9):3772-8. Epub 2006 Jan 26.

AMD3100 mobilizes hematopoietic stem cells with long-term repopulating capacity in nonhuman primates.

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National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bldg 10 CRC, Rm 4E-5132, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


AMD3100, a bicyclam antagonist of the chemokine receptor CXCR4, has been shown to induce rapid mobilization of CD34(+) hematopoietic cells in mice, dogs, and humans, offering an alternative to G-CSF mobilization of peripheral-blood hematopoietic stem cells. In this study, AMD3100-mobilized CD34(+) cells were phenotypically analyzed, marked with Neo(R)-containing retroviral vectors, and subsequently transplanted into myeloablated rhesus macaques. We show engraftment of transduced AMD3100-mobilized CD34(+) cells with Neo(R) gene marked myeloid and lymphoid cells up to 32 months after transplantation, demonstrating the ability of AMD3100 to mobilize true long-term repopulating hematopoietic stem cells. More AMD3100-mobilized CD34(+) cells are in the G(1) phase of the cell cycle and more cells express CXCR4 and VLA-4 compared with G-CSF-mobilized CD34(+) cells. In vivo gene marking levels obtained with AMD3100-mobilized CD34(+) cells were better than those obtained using CD34(+) cells mobilized with G-CSF alone. Overall, these results indicate that AMD3100 mobilizes a population of hematopoietic stem cells with intrinsic characteristics different from those of hematopoietic stem cells mobilized with G-CSF, suggesting fundamental differences in the mechanism of AMD3100-mediated and G-CSF-mediated hematopoietic stem cell mobilization. Thus, AMD3100-mobilized CD34(+) cells represent an alternative source of hematopoietic stem cells for clinical stem cell transplantation and genetic manipulation with integrating retroviral vectors.

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