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Diabetes Educ. 2006 Jan-Feb;32(1):69-77.

Self-monitoring of physical activity: effects on self-efficacy and behavior in people with type 2 diabetes.

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1
Plattsburgh State University, Plattsburgh, New York

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to test the effect of keeping daily activity records on physical activity levels and self-efficacy for physical activity in adults with type 2 diabetes, and to examine the feasibility and acceptability of this intervention from the perspective of the participants.

METHODS:

This intervention study included 58 individuals with type 2 diabetes aged 40 to 65 years. Participants were randomly assigned: individuals in the intervention group kept daily activity records for 6 weeks, mailed to the researcher every 2 weeks. Data collection was completed at the beginning of the study and 6 weeks later, using the habitual physical activity index and the self-efficacy for exercise scale. Participants in the intervention group also completed the perceived feasibility checklist.

RESULTS:

The intervention resulted in enhanced self-efficacy. Physical activity improved in both the intervention and control groups. Activity recording was judged to be acceptable and feasible.

CONCLUSIONS:

Daily activity recording can be used as part of a program to increase physical activity self-efficacy levels. Focused interactions between health care providers and patients may be enough to motivate people to higher levels of physical activity. The relationship between self-efficacy and behavior is complex and should be the subject of further research.

PMID:
16439495
DOI:
10.1177/0145721705284285
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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