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J Chromatogr A. 2006 Feb 10;1105(1-2):106-10. Epub 2005 Sep 6.

Analysis of free amino acids in fermented shrimp waste by high-performance liquid chromatography.

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Departamento de Biotecnología y Ciencias Alimentarias, Instituto Tecnológico de Sonora, P.O. Box 541, Cd. Obregón, Sonora, México.


This work presents an HPLC method for the quantification of free amino acids in lyophilized protein fraction from shrimp waste hydrolysate which is obtained by acid lactic fermentation and analyzed using pre-column derivatization with 9-fluorenylmethyl-chloroformate. The amino acids were separated in a Hypersil ODS 5 microm column (250 mm x 4.6 mm) at 38 degrees C. The mobile phase was a mixture of phase A: 30 mM ammonium phosphate (pH 6.5) in 15:85 (v/v) methanol/water; phase B: 15:85 (v/v) methanol/water; and phase C: 90:10 (v/v) acetonitrile/water, with flow rate 1.2 ml/min. Fluorescence detection was used at an excitation wavelength of 270 nm and an emission wavelength of 316 nm. Method precisions for the different amino acids were between 4.4 and 7.1% (relative standard deviation, RSD); detection limits were between 23 and 72 ng/ml; and the recoveries were between 89.0 and 95.0%. The amino acid present at the highest concentration was tyrosine.

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