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J Clin Monit Comput. 2005 Dec;19(6):395-9. Epub 2006 Jan 25.

Cardiac output measurement by pulse dye densitometry: comparison with pulmonary artery thermodilution in post-cardiac surgery patients.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, VU University Medical Center, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Pulse-dye densitometry (PDD) could be a suitable, low-invasive alternative to thermodilution using a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) for monitoring cardiac output. The aim of our study was to assess the reproducibility and validity of PDD compared to PAC-thermodilution.

METHODS:

In 43 post-cardiac surgery patients, the mean of triplicate readings of cardiac output was assessed using both methods. In a subgroup of 26 patients, a second set of measurements was obtained on average 2 h later.

RESULTS:

Reproducibility of consecutive measurements was slightly better for PAC-thermodilution than for PDD (median coefficient of variation of the triplicate measurements: 3.5% versus 5.4%, P < 0.01). Both methods correlated well (r = 0.84, p < 0.001). Using Bland and Altman analyses with PAC-thermodilution as the reference method, PDD showed a bias of -0.68 +/- 0.82 L/min, mainly due to differences in higher ranges of cardiac output (>6.5 L/min). Measured changes in cardiac output were 81% concordant (i.e. <1 L/min different) between both methods.

CONCLUSION:

PDD correlates well with PAC-thermodilution and thus deserves consideration as a low-invasive alternative for measurement and follow-up of cardiac output.

PMID:
16437290
DOI:
10.1007/s10877-005-6865-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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