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Am J Pathol. 2006 Feb;168(2):499-510.

Increased expression of integrin alphavbeta5 induces the myofibroblastic differentiation of dermal fibroblasts.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

The biological effect of cytokines is mainly determined by the cytokine-receptor interaction, which is modulated by the concentration and the activity of cytokines and/or their receptors. Because alphav-containing integrins can bind to and/or activate latent TGF-beta, these integrins have been thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of fibrotic disorders. Our recent observations that alphavbeta5 is up-regulated in scleroderma fibroblasts and that the transient overexpression of alphavbeta5 increases the human alpha2(I) collagen gene expression in normal fibroblasts suggest the involvement of alphavbeta5 in the self-activation system in scleroderma fibroblasts. In this study, we established stable transfectants with alphavbeta5 using normal dermal fibroblasts and demonstrated that such cells differentiated into myofibroblasts by the stimulation of autocrine TGF-beta. This observation is explained by 1) alphavbeta5 recruiting latent TGF-beta1 on the cell surface, 2) endogenous active TGF-beta localizing on the cell surface, and 3) alphavbeta5 interacting with TGF-beta receptors. Furthermore, blockade of alphavbeta5 reversed the myofibroblastic phenotype in scleroderma fibroblasts. These data identify a novel mechanism for the establishment of autocrine TGF-beta signaling in dermal fibroblasts by the up-regulation of alphavbeta5 and suggest the possibility of regulating fibrotic disorders, especially scleroderma, by targeting this integrin.

PMID:
16436664
PMCID:
PMC1606497
DOI:
10.2353/ajpath.2006.041306
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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