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J Chemother. 2005 Dec;17(6):622-7.

In vitro activity of beta-lactam antimicrobial agents in combination with aztreonam tested against metallo-beta-lactamase-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii.

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JMI Laboratories, North Liberty, Iowa, USA.


We evaluate the antimicrobial interactions between aztreonam and selected beta-lactams when tested against metallo-beta-lactamase (MbetaL)-producing clinical strains. Ten Pseudomonsa aeruginosa strains, including nine MbetaL-producers (IMP-1, -2, -13, -16, VIM-1, -2, -7, SPM-1 and GIM-1) and five Acinetobacter baumannii strains, including three MbetaL-producers (IMP-1 and -2) were tested using time kill/bactericidal activity methods. Aztreonam at 4, 8 and 16 mg/L was combined with four other beta-lactam antimicrobials (cefepime, ceftazidime, meropenem and piperacillin/tazobactam or ampicillin/sulbactam), each tested at the recognized susceptible breakpoint concentration. Enhanced activity (synergism or additive effect) was observed with four P. aeruginosa strains (IMP-16, VIM-2, SPM-1 and GIM-1 containing strains) and four A. baumannii strains, while antagonism was observed with two P. aeruginosa (IMP-16 and SPM-1-producing strains) and one A. baumannii (non-MbetaL) strain. All other strains showed indifferent interaction (variation of +/- 1 log10 CFU/ml) with any combination evaluated.

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