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Am J Kidney Dis. 2006 Feb;47(2):342-9.

A proliferative glomerulonephritis secondary to a monoclonal IgA.

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Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, MN, USA.


A distinct entity mimicking immune-complex-mediated glomerulonephritis characterized by a proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) deposits recently was described. We now report a case of a 35-year-old woman who presented with sudden onset of edema, proteinuria, hematuria, and hypertension. Renal biopsy showed diffuse endocapillary proliferation, mesangial cellularity, and amorphous material in the mesangium. Immunofluorescence examination showed mesangial and capillary wall staining for IgA (2+), C3 (2+), fibrinogen (2+), and lambda (2+). Congo red stain was negative. Electron microscopy showed mesangial and subendothelial deposits with a paracrystalline lattice-like substructure forming parallel linear arrays. Extensive laboratory evaluation showed a small population of monoclonal plasma cells with lambda restriction. The present case suggests that monoclonal IgA deposits also can cause proliferative glomerulonephritis. However, the presence of paracrystalline deposits in association with monoclonal IgA deposits has not been described previously.

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