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J Appl Microbiol. 2006 Feb;100(2):398-406.

Characterization of the brewery spoilage bacterium Obesumbacterium proteus by automated ribotyping and development of PCR methods for its biotype 1.

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1
VTT Biotechnology, Espoo, Finland.

Abstract

AIMS:

To study the ability of automated ribotyping to characterize Obesumbacterium proteus and Hafnia alvei, to design primers and to evaluate standard end-point and real-time PCR for the detection of O. proteus biotype 1 in beer and in brewers's yeast-containing samples.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Automated ribotyping was carried out using the standard method with EcoRI and PvuII. The digestions with both enzymes clearly differentiated O. proteus biotypes 1 and 2 and H. alvei. PCR primers were designed according to the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the O. proteus type strain. Two primer sets (Obs137-Obs558 and Obs137-Obs617) detected O. proteus biotype 1 and H. alvei but not O. proteus biotype 2 or other tested beer spoilage bacteria (40 species) in the end-point and real-time PCR, indicating their high specificity. The detection limit for O. proteus was 160-1600 CFU 100 ml(-1) beer in the end-point PCR reactions and < or =160 CFU 100 ml(-1) beer in the real-time PCR reactions. More cells (from 16 to 3200) were needed for detection in the presence of brewer's yeast cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

Automated ribotyping is a useful tool to characterize and identify O. proteus and H. alvei isolates. The designed primers are suitable for the rapid detection of O. proteus biotype 1 and H. alvei in brewery samples by PCR.

SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY:

Automated ribotyping and PCR could improve microbiological quality control in breweries by facilitating the detection, identification and tracing of spoilage bacteria.

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