Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Cancer Lett. 2006 Dec 8;244(2):182-9. Epub 2006 Jan 20.

Induction of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha overexpression by cobalt chloride enhances cellular resistance to photodynamic therapy.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, The National Hospital-The Norwegian Radium Hospital, University of Oslo, Montebello, 0310 Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

Although photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been approved by regulatory agencies worldwide for the treatment of several oncologic and non-oncologic conditions, PDT-induced tissue hypoxia as a result of vascular damage and photochemical oxygen consumption limits the efficacy of this modality. This may largely be due to hypoxia-mediated angiogenesis via hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha), a major transcription factor involved in angiogenesis, hematopoiesis and anaerobic energy metabolism. We hypothesized that hypoxia-induced HIF-1alpha overexpression may also lead to tumor cells resistant to PDT by favouring tumor cell proliferation. Human esophageal normal Het-1A and tumor KYSE-70 and KYSE-450 cell lines were used in the present study. High-expression of HIF-1alpha induced in vitro by cobalt chloride (CoCl(2))-mediated chemical hypoxia mimic was clearly seen in the Het-1A cell line. In addition, cells treated with CoCl(2) were more resistant to 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-mediated PDT than those without CoCl(2) treatment. The photosensitivity of the cells to ALA-PDT decreased with increasing HIF-1alpha expression by enhancing CoCl(2) concentrations. Moreover, transfection of the cells with anti-HIF-1alpha short interfering RNA (siRNA) knocked down the HIF-1alpha expression and restored the photosensitivity of the cells to ALA-PDT. However, the induction of HIF-1alpha expression by CoCl(2) was not indicated in both KYSE-70 and KYSE-450 cell lines, and no difference in cell survival was found after ALA-PDT in the presence and absence of CoCl(2). We thus conclude that high-expression of HIF-1alpha induced by CoCl(2) plays an important role in the resistance of the Het-1A cells to ALA-PDT. The present finding suggests that hypoxia-induced HIF-1alpha overexpression attenuates PDT efficacy through probably not only angiogenesis, but also cellular resistance to the modality. PDT in combination with anti-HIF-1alpha treatment may thus enhance the PDT efficacy.

PMID:
16427735
DOI:
10.1016/j.canlet.2005.12.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for Norwegian BIBSYS system
Loading ...
Support Center