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Burns. 1992 Jun;18(3):200-11.

An algorithmic approach to the management of cutaneous burns.

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Department of Plastic Surgery, Withington, Hospital, Manchester, UK.


An algorithm of fluid resuscitation for cutaneous burns is presented. The management of these cases entails an initial process of evaluation followed, when appropriate, by the administration of intravenous fluids. The fluid requirements are prospectively calculated and subsequently modified by using closed loop feedback with monitoring of urine output, plasma deficit, osmolality and vital signs. Three 'problem boxes' have been incorporated into the algorithm to outline the management of: 1. fluid deficit and excess; 2. acute renal failure; 3. the critically ill patient. An algorithm such as this can never be complete, but in its present form it provides both a teaching tool for junior staff as well as a valuable clinical aid for those involved in the acute management of burns patients.

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