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Physiol Behav. 2006 Mar 30;87(3):595-601. Epub 2006 Jan 19.

Genetic variance contributes to ingestive processes: a survey of 2-deoxy-D-glucose-induced feeding in eleven inbred mouse strains.

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Neuropsychology Doctoral Sub-Program, USA.


The feeding response following administration of the anti-metabolic glucose analogue, 2-deoxy-d-glucose (2DG), is conceptualized as an experimental model of glucoprivation, which may contribute to the understanding of inter-individual differences in glucose and carbohydrate intake and, ultimately, obesity. Although variation in the intake of several nutrients as well as food and water are known to be associated with genetic variation, it is not known whether 2DG-induced feeding is similarly genotype dependent. The present study therefore examined 2DG-induced feeding in mice of 11 inbred (A/J, AKR/J, BALB/cJ, CBA/J, C3H/HeJ, C57BL6/J, C57BL10/J, DBA/2J, SJL/J, SWR/J, 129P3/J) and one outbred (CD-1) strains across a wide range of previously determined effective 2-DG doses (200, 400, 600, 800 mg/kg) and test times (1-4 h). Orderly dose-dependent increases in 2DG-induced feeding occurred after all four doses in outbred CD-1 and inbred DBA/2J mice, across the three highest doses for BALB/cJ, SJL/J and 129P3/J mice, and across the two highest doses for CBA/J and AKR/J mice. Limited instances of 2DG-induced feeding were noted only at the highest dose in A/J and C3H/HeJ mice, or at a moderate dose in C57BL/6J mice. Further, the full 2DG dose range failed to alter food intake in C57BL/10J mice, and produced significant reductions in food intake in SWR/J mice. Food intake after 2DG doses of 200-600 mg/kg, but not 800 mg/kg, displayed significant cross-correlation, suggesting that large 2DG doses may recruit non-specific effects upon food intake. There was no correlation between food intake in the absence (vehicle baseline) of and presence of 2DG, suggesting that the regulation of glucose intake in non-challenged mice does not predict subsequent responses to glucoprivic challenge. The data demonstrate genotype-dependent variability in this glucoprivic response, and may provide the basis for the subsequent identification of trait-relevant genes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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