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Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2005;83(5-6):190-6. Epub 2006 Jan 19.

A probabilistic functional atlas of the VIM nucleus constructed from pre-, intra- and postoperative electrophysiological and neuroimaging data acquired during the surgical treatment of Parkinson's disease patients.

Author information

1
Biomedical Imaging Lab, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore, Singapore. wieslaw@sbic.a-star.edu.sg

Abstract

We have previously introduced a concept of a probabilistic functional atlas (PFA) to overcome limitations of the current electronic stereotactic brain atlases: anatomical nature, spatial sparseness, inconsistency and lack of population information. The PFA for the STN has already been developed. This work addresses construction of the PFA for the ventrointermediate nucleus (PFA-VIM). The PFA-VIM is constructed from pre-, intra- and postoperative electrophysiological and neuroimaging data acquired during the surgical treatment of Parkinson's disease patients. The data contain the positions of the chronically implanted electrodes and their best contacts. For each patient, the intercommissural distance, height of the thalamus and width of the third ventricle were measured. An algorithm was developed to convert these data into the PFA-VIM, and to present them on axial, coronal and sagittal planes and in 3-D. The PFA-VIM gives a spatial distribution of the best contacts, and its probability is proportional to best contact concentration in a given location. The region with the highest probability corresponds to the best target. The PFA-VIM is calculated with 0.25-mm3 resolution from 107 best contacts in two situations: with and without lateral compensation against the width of the third ventricle. For the PFA-VIM compensated laterally, the anterior, lateral and dorsal coordinates of the mean value are (in mm) 6.24, 13.83, 1.68 for the left VIM and 6.54, -13.84, 2.10 for the right VIM. The coordinates of the mean value of the highest probability region along with the highest number of the best contacts (P) are: 6.25, 14.25, 1.75, P = 16, for the left VIM, and 6.0, -14.0, 1.00, P = 18, for the right VIM. The coordinate system origin is at the posterior commissure. For the PFA-VIM not compensated laterally, the coordinates of the mean value are 6.24, 13.99, 1.68 for the left VIM and 6.53, -14.13, 2.10 for the right VIM. The coordinates of the mean value of the highest probability region along with the highest number of the best contacts are 5.58, 13.67, 1.33, P = 14, for the left VIM, and 6.36, -14.03, 1.11, P = 17, for the right VIM. The PFA-VIM atlas overcomes several limitations of the current anatomical atlases and can improve targeting of thalamotomies and thalamic stimulations. It is dynamic and can easily be extended with new cases.

PMID:
16424683
DOI:
10.1159/000091082
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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