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J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2005 Dec;60(12):1510-7.

Housing density does not influence the longevity effect of calorie restriction.

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Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, South Texas Veterans Health Care Systems, San Antonio, TX, USA.


This study examined the effect of housing density on the longevity-extending and disease-delaying actions of calorie restriction (CR). Singly or multiply housed (four per cage) mice were either fed ad libitum (AL) or were on CR beginning at 2 months. All CR mice were fed 40% less food than were multiply housed AL mice. CR increased median longevity by 19%, and housing density had no effect on this increase. CR also reduced neoplastic lesions in both housing groups, but lymphoma, the most common neoplasm, was reduced more in singly than in multiply housed mice. Singly housed AL mice ate 40% more food than did multiply housed AL mice, but weighed the same and lived as long as multiply housed AL mice. These results indicate that CR can extend life span as effectively in multiply as in singly housed mice, even though housing density can differentially affect the cancer-reducing effect of CR.

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