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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2006 Mar;54(3):231-6. Epub 2006 Jan 19.

Outcomes evaluation of patients with ESBL- and non-ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella species as defined by CLSI reference methods: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program.

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1
Institute for Clinical Pharmacodynamics, Ordway Research Institute, Albany, NY 12208, USA. sbhavani-icpd@ordwayresearch.org

Abstract

As extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae continue to emerge worldwide, selection of empiric treatment modalities is an increasing challenge. Data describing the clinical outcomes associated with different treatment regimens have been limited. Using data from centers with confirmed ESBL- and non-ESBL-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella species isolates in North America, Latin America, and Europe, potential risk factors for the occurrence of invasive ESBL- and non-ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae infections and factors associated with clinical outcome were evaluated. Of the 175 cases considered evaluable, 77% were ESBL-producing organisms. Underlying comorbidities and potential risk factors were generally similar between ESBL and non-ESBL cases with a statistically greater proportion of ESBL cases requiring gastrostomy or jejunostomy tubes, ventilatory assistance, or care in the intensive care unit before culture (P<or=0.008). Among ESBL cases, carbapenem monotherapy and combination therapy were often selected for treatment (32.6% and 13.3%, respectively). Among non-ESBL cases, fluoroquinolones and beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor combination agents accounted for the highest proportion of treatment regimens (25.0% and 22.5%, respectively), whereas cephalosporin monotherapy and combination therapy were each used as treatment for 10% of cases. Clinical success was similar between patients with ESBL and non-ESBL-producing isolates (83% and 80%, respectively). Although infections arising from E. coli and Klebsiella species are associated with significant mortality, ESBL production alone did not appear to be an independent risk factor for treatment failure.

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