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Respirology. 2006 Jan;11(1):62-9.

Effect of simulated altitude during sleep on moderate-severity OSA.

Author information

  • 1Peninsula Private Sleep Laboratory, Manly, New South Wales, Australia. kburgess@nsccahs.health.nsw.gov.au

Erratum in

  • Respirology. 2006 Mar;11(2):228.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

These studies were conducted to test the hypothesis that isobaric hypoxia would switch OSA to central sleep apnoea (CSA).

METHODS:

Five adult men (mean age 54.2 +/- 5.5 years, mean BMI 29.9 +/- 6.7 kg/m(2)) with moderate OSA underwent overnight polysomnography at three altitudes. The highest altitude was simulated in a normobaric hypoxic chamber.

RESULTS:

The obstructive respiratory disturbance index fell from 25.5 +/- 14.4/h at 60 m to 17.3 +/- 9.2/h at 610 m and 0.5 +/- 0.7/h at 2750 m (P = 0.004 compared with 60 m). The central respiratory disturbance index rose from 0.4 +/- 0.5/h at 60 m to 8.1 +/- 5.8/h at 610 m and 78.8 +/- 29.7/h at 2750 m (P < 0.001 compared with 60 m). Mean sleep SaO(2) fell from 94 +/- 1% at 60 m to 93 +/- 1% at 610 m to 85 +/- 4% at 2750 m (P < 0.001 compared with 60 m).

CONCLUSION:

Moderate severity OSA at sea level (60 m) was completely replaced by severe CSA at a simulated altitude of 2750 m. The authors believe that the OSA resolved because of an increased respiratory drive [corrected] and an increase in upper airway tone, whereas CSA developed because of hypocapnia in non-rapid eye movement sleep.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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