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J Anesth. 2006;20(1):11-6.

Anandamide absorption by direct hemoperfusion with polymixin B-immobilized fiber improves the prognosis and organ failure assessment score in patients with sepsis.

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1
Department of Anesthesiology, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, South 1, West 16, Chuo-ku, Sapporo 060-8543, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Direct hemoperfusion (DHP) with polymixin B-immobilized fiber (PMX) has been reported to be effective for patients with septic shock. The aim of this study was to clarify the mechanism of PMX-DHP effect on septic shock.

METHODS:

The following parameters were measured in septic shock patients who were treated with PMX-DHP: survival rate, sepsis-related organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE-II) score, and plasma concentrations of cannabinoids [anandamide (ANA) and 2-arachidonyl glyceride (2-AG)], cytokines [interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-10], transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta), and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)]. The primary end point was mortality from all causes at day 28 after intensive care unit (ICU) admission or discharge.

RESULTS:

The survival rate of all patients at 28 days after ICU admission was 37.5% (9/24). The survival group showed significantly lower SOFA and APACHE-II scores than the nonsurvival group after PMX-DHP treatment (P = 0.008 and 0.028, respectively). The improved SOFA score group showed a better survival rate than the nonimproved SOFA score group (71.4% versus 23.5%, P = 0.028). Plasma ANA level significantly decreased after PMX-DHP treatment both in the improved SOFA score group and in the survival group. The level of 2-AG, however, showed no significant change in either group.

CONCLUSION:

ANA, an intrinsic cannabinoid that induces hypotension in septic shock, is inferred to be the main mechanism of the PMX-DHP effect. Removal of ANA by PMX-DHP could be key to successful septic shock treatment.

PMID:
16421670
DOI:
10.1007/s00540-005-0366-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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