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Vox Sang. 1992;62(4):224-9.

Anti-IgG autoantibodies in HIV-infected hemophilia patients.

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Department of Transplantation Immunology, University of Heidelberg, FRG.


Sera of 76 HIV-negative hemophilia patients, 103 HIV-positive (HIV+) hemophilia patients free of AIDS or AIDS related complex (ARC), and 32 HIV+ hemophilia patients with AIDS/ARC were tested for four different anti-IgG activities. IgG-anti-F(ab')2 gamma, IgM-anti-F(ab')2 gamma, and IgG-anti-Fc gamma serum activities were significantly associated with the clinical stage of HIV infection, whereas IgM-anti-Fc gamma was not. IgG-anti-F(ab')2 gamma activity was found to be caused by cross-reaction of anti-HIV antibody with an epitope within the constant CH1 domain of human IgG. HIV+ hemophilia patients with severe thrombocytopenia (less than 50,000/microliters platelet counts) had significantly higher IgM-anti-IgG activity than patients with greater than 50,000/microliters platelets. Because anti-IgG antibodies possess immunoregulatory properties, our results may serve as a possible explanation for the frequent B cell disorders encountered in HIV-infected patients.

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