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Oncogene. 2006 May 4;25(19):2717-26.

Induction of IL-8 expression by human herpesvirus 8 encoded vFLIP K13 via NF-kappaB activation.

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Hamon Center for Therapeutic Oncology Research, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.


Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) encodes a viral FLICE inhibitory protein (vFLIP), called K13, with homology to the prodomain of caspase 8. K13 has been postulated to protect virally infected cells against death receptor-induced apoptosis. We report that K13 leads to constitutive upregulation of IL-8 secretion by transcriptional upregulation of its promoter. K13-induced IL-8 promoter activation is dependent on an intact NF-kappaB-binding site and is associated with increased binding of classical NF-kappaB pathway subunits p65, c-Rel and p50, respectively. IL-8 production is defective in K13 mutants defective in classical NF-kappaB activation and is blocked by genetic and pharmacological inhibitors of this pathway. In contrast, K13 failed to activate the JNK/AP-1 pathway and deletion of AP-1-binding site in the IL-8 promoter or use of a specific JNK inhibitor had only a partial effect on K13-induced IL-8 promoter activation. Collectively, above results demonstrate that K13 is a major mediator of IL-8 production and therapeutic agents targeting K13-induced NF-kappaB pathway may have a role in the treatment of conditions in which HHV-8-induced IL-8 production plays a pathogenic role.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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