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J Natl Cancer Inst. 2006 Jan 18;98(2):139-43.

IGF1 gene polymorphism and risk for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer.

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Department of Epidemiology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is involved in colorectal carcinogenesis, and elevated plasma IGF-I levels are associated with sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. We investigated the relationship between IGF1 promoter cytosine-adenine (CA) dinucleotide-repeat polymorphism length and CRC risk in 121 MMR gene mutation carriers using Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analysis. All statistical tests were two-sided. Time to onset for CRC increased for each decrease in CA-repeat number (median = 19 repeats, range = 12-22 repeats; hazard ratio [HR] = 1.17, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.05 to 1.31; P = .006). Patients carrying a CA(< or = 17) repeat allele had a statistically significantly higher CRC risk (HR = 2.36; 95% CI = 1.28 to 4.36; P = .006) than all others and were younger at onset (44 years versus 56.5 years; P = .023). These findings indicate a statistically significant association between shorter IGF1 CA-repeat lengths and increased risk for CRC in HNPCC. This is the first report, to our knowledge, to show that IGF1 variant genotypes modify risk of a hereditary form of cancer.

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