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J Agric Food Chem. 2006 Jan 25;54(2):523-8.

Starch properties of mutant rice high in resistant starch.

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IAEA Collaborating Center, Institute of Nuclear Agricultural Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, People's Republic of China.


As the staple food of over half the world's population, hot cooked rice high in resistant starch (RS) is of particular interest, which will have greater impact in the dietary prevention of diabetes and hyperlipidemia. A mutant rice high in RS in hot cooked rice, described as RS111, was comparatively studied with the wild type and common rice. Despite obviously low RS content in the raw milled rice, the RS content in the hot cooked rice of mutant RS111 was significantly higher than that of the wild type and common rice and, correspondingly, in vitro starch hydrolysis by porcine pancreatic alpha-amylase tends to be incomplete with low hydrolysis extent for the cooked mutant rice high in RS. Obvious differences in physicochemical properties, starch granule morphology, pasting properties, thermal properties, and X-ray diffraction pattern were observed among the mutant RS111, wild type, and common indica rice. The high-RS mutant was characterized by significantly higher apparent amylose content and crude lipid content, higher percentage of oval-shaped granules and bigger oval size, reduced paste viscosity, and low onset temperature, peak temperature, final temperature, enthalpy of gelatinization, and crystallinity.

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