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Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2005 Dec;26(12):916-22.

Perioperative intranasal mupirocin for the prevention of surgical-site infections: systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis.

Author information

  • 1VA Outcomes Group, VA Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA. Alexander.J.Kallen@dartmouth.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To review the evidence evaluating perioperative intranasal mupirocin for the prevention of surgical-site infections according to type of surgical procedure.

DESIGN:

Systematic review and meta-analysis of published clinical trials.

SETTING:

Studies included were either randomized clinical trial or prospective trials at a single institution that measured outcomes both before and after an institution-wide intervention (before-after trial). In all studies, intervention and control groups differed only by the use of perioperative intranasal mupirocin in the intervention group.

PATIENTS:

Patients undergoing general or nongeneral surgery (eg, cardiothoracic surgery, orthopedic surgery, and neurosurgery).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Risk of surgical-site infection following perioperative intranasal mupirocin versus usual care.

RESULTS:

Three randomized and four before-after trials met the inclusion criteria. No reduction in surgical-site infection rate was seen in randomized general surgery trials (summary estimates: 8.4% in the mupirocin group and 8.1% in the control group; relative risk [RR], 1.04; 95% confidence interval [CI95], 0.81 to 1.33). In nongeneral surgery, the use of mupirocin was associated with a reduction in surgical-site infection in randomized trials (summary estimates: 6.0% in the mupirocin group and 7.6% in the control group; RR, 0.80; CI95, 0.58 to 1.10) and in before-after trials (summary estimates: 1.7% in the mupirocin group and 4.1% in the control group; RR, 0.40; CI95, 0.29 to 0.56).

CONCLUSIONS:

Perioperative intranasal mupirocin appears to decrease the incidence of surgical-site infection when used as prophylaxis in nongeneral surgery. Given its low risk and low cost, use of perioperative intranasal mupirocin should be considered in these settings.

PMID:
16417031
DOI:
10.1086/505453
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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