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Dig Dis Sci. 2005 Dec;50(12):2366-78.

NF-kappaB activation precedes increases in mRNA encoding neurokinin-1 receptor, proinflammatory cytokines, and adhesion molecules in dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in rats.

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Department of Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA.


Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) plays a key role in initiating inflammation associated with colitis. A systematic study was conducted in the rat DSS colitis model to determine the temporal relationship between NF-kappa B activation and expression of substance P (SP), neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R), proinflammatory cytokines, and adhesion molecules. Rats were given 5% DSS in their water and sacrificed daily for 6 days. Colon tissue was collected for assessment of histological changes, NF-kappa B activation, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, and expression of NK-1R, SP, TNFalpha, IL-1beta, VCAM-1, ICAM-1, E-selectin, CINC-1, MIP-1alpha, and iNOS. NF-kappa B activation increased, biphasically, on Day 1 and again on Days 4-6. The mRNA levels for ICAM-1, CINC-1, IL-1beta, TNFalpha, VCAM-1, and NK-1R rose significantly (P < 0.05) by 2-4 days. Increased iNOS mRNA levels, MPO activity, and mucosal damage occurred on Day 6. These data demonstrate that NF-kappa B activation substantially precedes the onset of physical disease signs and active inflammation.

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