Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nat Biotechnol. 2006 Feb;24(2):191-7. Epub 2006 Jan 15.

Characterization and identification of vaccine candidate proteins through analysis of the group A Streptococcus surface proteome.

Author information

1
Chiron Vaccines, Via Fiorentina, 1 53100 Siena, Italy.

Abstract

We describe a proteomic approach for identifying bacterial surface-exposed proteins quickly and reliably for their use as vaccine candidates. Whole cells are treated with proteases to selectively digest protruding proteins that are subsequently identified by mass spectrometry analysis of the released peptides. When applied to the sequenced M1_SF370 group A Streptococcus strain, 68 PSORT-predicted surface-associated proteins were identified, including most of the protective antigens described in the literature. The number of surface-exposed proteins varied from strain to strain, most likely as a consequence of different capsule content. The surface-exposed proteins of the highly virulent M23_DSM2071 strain included 17 proteins, 15 in common with M1_SF370. When 14 of the 17 proteins were expressed in E. coli and tested in the mouse for their capacity to confer protection against a lethal dose of M23_DSM2071, one new protective antigen (Spy0416) was identified. This strategy overcomes the difficulties so far encountered in surface protein characterization and has great potential in vaccine discovery.

Comment in

PMID:
16415855
DOI:
10.1038/nbt1179
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center