Send to

Choose Destination
Vaccine. 2006 Apr 5;24(15):2952-65. Epub 2005 Dec 29.

Efficiency of HPV 16 L1/E7 DNA immunization: influence of cellular localization and capsid assembly.

Author information

German Cancer Research Center, Programme Infection and Cancer, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.


Infections by human papillomaviruses (HPV) are the major cause of uterine cancer in women worldwide. Aiming to develop a combined prophylactic and therapeutic vaccine we have previously demonstrated immunogenicity of chimeric virus-like particles consisting of a C-terminally truncated HPV 16 L1 capsid protein fused to an E7 portion. Here we show that genetic vaccination with a corresponding DNA was inefficient in the induction of a L1-specific prophylactic immune response. DNA immunization with C-terminally truncated HPV 16 L1 genes of different lengths revealed that only short deletions (L1(1-498)) were tolerated for eliciting a humoral immune response against viral capsids. This correlates with the observation that the C-terminal sequences are critical for nuclear localization, capsomere and capsid assembly. However, only the ability of L1 protein to form capsomeres or capsids showed a direct influence on the outcome of the immune response. C-terminal insertion of 60 amino acids of E7 was tolerated in fusion constructs, whereas insertion of full-length E7(1-98) or shuffled E7 (149 aa) completely abolished the humoral immune response. The L1(1-498)/E7(1-60) fusion construct not only induced L1-specific antibodies but also L1- and E7-specific CTL responses after DNA vaccination.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center