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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Mar 3;341(1):209-17. Epub 2006 Jan 9.

Changes of skeletal muscle adiponectin content in diet-induced insulin resistant rats.

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GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.


The current study examined the relationship between skeletal muscle levels of adiponectin and parameters of insulin sensitivity. A high fat/sucrose diet (HFD) for 20 weeks resulted in significant increases in body weight, serum insulin, triglycerides (TG), and free fatty acids (FFA) (all p < 0.01). Interestingly, this diet leads to a slight increase in serum adiponectin, but significant decreases in gastrocnemius muscle and white adipose adiponectin (all p < 0.05). HFD for 4 weeks also resulted in a significant decrease in muscle adiponectin, which correlated with serum insulin, TG, and FFA (all p < 0.05). Treatment of the 4-week HFD rats with a PPARgamma agonist GI262570 ameliorated the diet-induced hyperinsulinemia and dyslipidemia, and effectively restored muscle adiponectin (all p < 0.05). This study demonstrated that HFD-induced hyperinsulinemia and dyslipidemia appeared without changes in serum adiponectin, but were associated with decreased tissue adiponectin. This provides the first evidence for a connection between tissue adiponectin and diet-induced hyperinsulinemia and dyslipidemia.

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