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Cell Signal. 2006 Sep;18(9):1492-500. Epub 2006 Jan 18.

Lipopolysaccharide-induced transcriptional activation of interleukin-10 is mediated by MAPK- and NF-kappaB-induced CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein delta in mouse macrophages.

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Graduate Institute of Biopharmaceutics, College of Life Sciences, National Chiayi University, Chiayi, Taiwan.


We have previously revealed that LPS can activate transcription of the IL-10 gene promoter through transcription factors Sp1, C/EBPbeta and C/EBPdelta in mouse macrophages. In this study, we determined that NF-kappaB and MAPK signal pathways, including ERK, JNK, and p38, were all involved in LPS-induced IL-10 gene expression. Treatment of cells with the pharmacological inhibitors of ERK, JNK, p38 and NF-kappaB respectively inhibited LPS-induced IL-10 protein expression in a dose-dependent manner. These inhibitors also decreased the LPS-induced IL-10 mRNA expression at a high concentration used. With transient overexpression of the IkappaB expression plasmids, or the dominant negative plasmids of ERK2, JNK, p38 together with reporter vector containing IL-10 promoter region, all four expression plasmids inhibited LPS-induced IL-10 promoter activity individually. It is known that the increase in protein and DNA binding of C/EBPbeta and delta could activate IL-10 gene expression. In this study, we also identified that all four pharmacological inhibitors inhibited the protein expression of C/EBPdelta individually, but not C/EBPbeta. In the presence of all three MAPK inhibitors, or only NF-kappaB inhibitor, LPS-induced protein expression and DNA binding of C/EBPdelta were completely inhibited simultaneously, and LPS-induced expression of IL-10 protein and mRNA was also inhibited totally. Taken together, these results suggested that LPS-induced IL-10 expression was mediated at least through the pathway of NF-kappaB- and MAPK-induced protein expression and DNA binding of C/EBPdelta.

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