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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2006 Feb;1764(2):174-81. Epub 2005 Dec 27.

Expression and physicochemical characterization of an extracellular segment of the receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase IA-2.

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Cátedra de Inmunología, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA) and IDEHU (CONICET-UBA), Argentina.


The receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase superfamily (RPTP) includes proteins with a single transmembrane, one or more intracellular phosphatase, and a variety of extracellular domains. The 106-kDa insulinoma-associated protein (IA-2, ICA512) receptor is unique among RPTP members because: (a) it has a single, phosphatase-like intracellular domain identified as one of the most prominent self antigens in autoimmune diabetes; (b) its extracellular region bears no sequence similarity to known domains; (c) it is present in the membrane of secretory granules in neurons and pancreatic beta-cells where it suffers a complex processing; and (d) it has very poorly understood biological properties. In this work, we describe the expression, purification, and physicochemical characterization of residues 449-576 of IA-2 (IA-2ec(449-576)). Judging from CD, fluorescence, hydrodynamic, and thermal unfolding analyses, this fragment forms an autonomously folding unit with tight packing and well-defined secondary and tertiary structure. CD analysis suggests that about 25% of IA-2ec(449-576) residues are alpha-helical, whereas about the same amount are in beta-sheet structure. The availability of soluble and folded IA-2ec(449-576) is a step forward toward the characterization of a part of IA-2 at atomic detail, which may provide new insight in the biology of diabetes, the neurotransmission process, and the dynamic of secretory granules.

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