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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Jan 17;47(2):370-8.

Characterization of radiofrequency ablation lesions with gadolinium-enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiology, Department of Radiology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. tdickfel@medicine.umaryland.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study was designed to evaluate the characteristics of gadolinium-enhanced imaging of radiofrequency ablations.

BACKGROUND:

Gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used successfully to evaluate tissue necrosis after myocardial infarction. In electrophysiology, radiofrequency energy is used to create a targeted myocardial necrosis for the treatment of various arrhythmias.

METHODS:

Using a power-controlled, cooled-tip 7-F catheter system, radiofrequency lesions (10 to 40 W for 30 s) were created on the epicardium of the right ventricle in eight mongrel dogs. After injection of 0.225 mmol/kg gadolinium, T1-weighted fast gradient echo images were obtained during a follow-up of 10 h using an intrathoracic high-resolution coil. Radiofrequency ablations were analyzed on the MR images and compared with gross anatomy and histopathology.

RESULTS:

Four distinct phases of signal enhancement were observed. After gadolinium injection, radiofrequency lesions were delineated clearly as contrast-free areas of low signal intensity (contrast-to-noise ratio [CNR] = -21.1 +/- 19.8). Signal enhancement in the lesion periphery started 4.0 +/- 1.8 min after injection and progressively extended toward the lesion center at a rate of 0.02 mm/min. Full delayed enhancement was observed after 98 +/- 21 min (CNR = +17.8 +/- 9.0). During the follow-up period, CNR started to decrease, but the lesions were detectable for as long as 10 h of follow-up. During the first three phases of enhancement, MRI correlated well with the pathological findings (r = 0.88, r = 0.88, and r = 0.86 [p < 0.001], respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

Radiofrequency ablation can be evaluated accurately by using gadolinium-enhanced MRI, which may allow the noninvasive assessment of procedural success. The dissimilar wash-in and wash-out kinetics compared with myocardial infarction suggest a different pathophysiological process with complete loss of microvasculature.

PMID:
16412863
PMCID:
PMC2943962
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2005.07.070
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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