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Braz J Infect Dis. 2005 Oct;9(5):348-56. Epub 2006 Jan 6.

In vitro activity of tigecycline, a new glycylcycline, tested against 1,326 clinical bacterial strains isolated from Latin America.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of São Paulo, Rua Leandro Dupret 188, São Paulo, Brazil. galesac@aol.com

Abstract

The in vitro activity of tigecycline (former GAR-936), a new semisynthetic tetracycline, was evaluated in comparison with tetracycline and other antimicrobial agents.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A total of 1,326 contemporary clinical isolates collected from the Latin American region were collected in 2000-2002 period and tested with microdilution broth according to the CLSI guidelines. The bacterial pathogens evaluated included Staphylococcus aureus (505), Streptococcus pneumoniae (269), coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS; 227), Haemophilus influenzae (129), Enterococcus spp. (80), Moraxella catarrhalis (54), beta-haemolytic streptococci (28), viridans group streptococci (26), and Neisseria meningitidis (8)

RESULTS:

Tigecycline demonstrated excellent activity against all Gram-positive cocci, with 90% of penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae strains being inhibited at 0.12 microg/mL, while the same isolates had an MIC90 of > 16 microg/mL for tetracycline. All Enterococcus spp. were inhibited at 0.25 microg/mL of tigecycline. Tigecycline (MIC50, 0.25 microg/mL) was eight-fold more potent than minocycline (MIC50, 2 microg/mL) against oxacillin-resistant S. aureus (ORSA); all ORSA were inhibited at < 2 microg/mL of tigecycline. Tigecycline demonstrated excellent activity (MIC50, 0.5 microg/mL) against CoNS with reduced susceptibility to teicoplanin (MIC, 16 microg/mL). Tigecycline also showed high potency against respiratory pathogens such as M. catarrhalis (MIC50, 0.12 microg/mL) and H. influenzae (MIC50, 0.5 microg/mL). No tigecycline resistant isolates were detected when the proposed susceptible breakpoints (< 4 microg/mL) was applied.

CONCLUSIONS:

This results indicate that tigecycline has potent in vitro activity against clinically important pathogenic bacteria, including Gram-positive isolates resistant to both tetracycline and minocycline.

PMID:
16410885
DOI:
/S1413-86702005000500001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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