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Neurosurgery. 1992 Jul;31(1):100-6; discussion 106-7.

Middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats: a neurological and pathological evaluation of a reproducible model.

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1
Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Abstract

Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats produces an infarct of varying size. We examined three factors that may influence this variability: animal weight, vascular anatomy, and extent of occlusion in rats undergoing MCAO. We also developed a four-point neurological evaluation scale and validated its usefulness by comparing it with a four-grade pathological determination of the size of the infarct. Of 82 animals subjected to a standard MCAO, 34 developed small cortical infarcts (pathological grades I-II; infarct size less than 25 mm2, 6-17% of the ipsilateral cortex surface area), and 48 large infarcts (pathological grades III-IV, infarct size greater than 25 mm2, 20-56% of surface area). We were able to predict the size of infarction from the neurological evaluation in 83% of the animals, and this accuracy reached 91% when grades I and II and III and IV were considered together (P less than 0.001). In 41 animals subjected to a more extensive vascular occlusion, 89% exhibited large infarcts. Four vascular patterns were identified but none played a significant role in the incidence or size of the cortical stroke. However, rats weighing less than 300 g showed a smaller lesion size than did rats greater than 300 g. Our proposed new MCAO technique appears useful in reproducing large-sized infarcts of the frontoparietal cortex.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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