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Cell Death Differ. 2006 May;13(5):834-42.

Controlling NF-kappaB activation in T cells by costimulatory receptors.

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Institute for Biochemistry, Justus-Liebig-University, Medical Faculty, Friedrichstrasse 24, Giessen 35392, Germany.


Full and productive activation of T lymphocytes relies on the simultaneous delivery of T cell receptor (TCR)- and coreceptor-derived signals. In naïve T cells engagement of the TCR alone causes anergy, while TCR triggering of preactivated T cells results in activation-induced cell death. Costimulatory signals are prominently mirrored by the activation of NF-kappaB, which needs input from the TCR as well as from coreceptors in order to be fully activated and to fulfil its crucial function in the immune response. Coreceptor-generated signals tightly control the duration and amplitude of the NF-kappaB response. The activation of IkappaB kinase (IKK) complex at the contact zone between a T cell and an antigen-presenting cell offers the unique opportunity to study the spatial organization of IKK activation. Recent studies indicate that coreceptor pathways influence the threshold activities of many signalling mediators and thus act on multiple layers of the NF-kappaB pathway.

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