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J Pediatr Surg. 2006 Jan;41(1):92-8; discussion 92-8.

Outcomes and delivery of care in pediatric injury.

Author information

  • 1Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA. jdensmor@mcw.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To design effective pediatric trauma care delivery systems, it is important to correlate site of care with corresponding outcomes. Using a multistate administrative database, we describe recent patient allocation and outcomes in pediatric injury.

METHODS:

The 2000 Kids' Inpatient Database, containing 2,516,833 inpatient discharge records from 27 states, was filtered by E-code to yield pediatric injury cases. Injury Severity Scores (ISSs) were derived for each discharge using ICDMAP-90 (Tri-Analytics, Inc, Forest Hill, MD). After weighting to estimate national trends, cases were grouped by age (0-10, >10-20 years), ISS (< or =15, >15), and National Association of Children's Hospitals and Related Institutions-designated site of care. Measured outcomes included mortality, length of stay, and total charges. Analysis was completed using Student's t test and chi2.

RESULTS:

Among 79,673 injury cases, mean age was 12.2 +/- 6.2 years and ISS was 7.4 +/- 7.6. Eighty-nine percent of injured children received care outside of children's hospitals. In the subgroup of patients aged 0 to 10 years with ISS of greater than 15, the mean ISS for adult hospitals and children's hospitals was not significantly different (18.9 +/- 9.1 vs. 19.4 +/- 9.3, P = .08). However, in-hospital mortality, length of stay, and charges were all significantly higher in adult hospitals (P < .0001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Younger and more seriously injured children have improved outcomes in children's hospitals. Appropriate triage may improve outcomes in pediatric trauma.

PMID:
16410115
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2005.10.013
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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