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Anal Chem. 2006 Jan 15;78(2):452-8.

Global identification of O-GlcNAc-modified proteins.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9038, USA.


The O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification of serine/threonine residues is an abundant posttranslational modification present in cytosolic and nuclear proteins. The functions and subproteome of O-GlcNAc modification remain largely undefined. Here we report the application of the tagging-via-substrate (TAS) approach for global identification of O-GlcNAc-modified proteins. The TAS method utilizes an O-GlcNAc azide analogue for metabolic labeling of O-GlcNAc-modified proteins, which can be chemoselectively conjugated for detection and enrichment of the proteins for proteomics studies. Our study led to the identification of 199 putative O-GlcNAc-modified proteins from HeLa cells, among which 23 were confirmed using reciprocal immunoprecipitation. Functional classification shows that proteins with diverse functions are modified by O-GlcNAc, implying that O-GlcNAc might be involved in the regulation of multiple cellular pathways.

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