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Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi. 2005;107(11):1159-68.

[Consideration of the concepts of "remission" and "cured" in schizophrenia: a male case who experienced schizophrenia with psycho-motoric excitation 30 years ago].

[Article in Japanese]

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  • 1Social welfare corporation San-ikukai San-ikukai Hospital, Psychiatric Department.


Since the era of Kraepelin and Bleuler, schizophrenia has been considered to be very difficult to cure. Even if all symptoms of its acute phase have disappeared completely, it is customary to use the terms say "remission" instead of "cured". The chief reason why they have been unwilling to say "cured" is that, even if the present state seems to be "cured", there will be surely another attack in near future, so, the non-symptomatic state should not be understood as "cured". Whether schizophrenic patients can be cured or not is one of the great problems of modern psychiatry. Is there no probability for them to be cured? Recently, after a 30 years gap, I came to meet a man who had had a schizophrenic attack of the psychomotoric type when he was 25 years old and had been sent to the mental hospital where I had been at work and, by chance, had engaged in his treatment. After about 5 months' of acute state, he came at, so to speak, "Residualzustand" (Conrad) for about 1 year and then got insight into his psychosis. After the discharge, he had visited me as an outpatient once a month regularly. About one year thereafter, the change of my work place made us separate from each other. Since then, he stopped visiting the doctor and also stopped taking anti-psychotic drugs. He married at 29 years old and had 2 daughters and a son. In addition, he had started to work for his father's business. After his father's death, he became the owner of 5 shops and the supervisor of 50 workers. Is he not yet "cured"? Is he only in the state of "remission" even now? According to the principle of Kraepelin and Bleuler, he is not "cured" yet, because he will surely have a psychotic exacerbation in future. I wonder then, what is the difference of the two concepts of "remission" and "cured", and how is it possible to change "remission" to "cured"? Even Bleuler, E. has written in his world-famous textbook that the longer the duration of remission after the last attack, the smaller the probability of the next attack, and that after about 5 years free of attack, another exacerbation would be very improbable. Supported by the experiences of Utena, Miya and so forth, I proposed a thesis that if a person who had undergone schizophrenic attack has been in complete remission for more than 10 years, he can surely be counted as "cured". To verify this probability about the outcome of schizophrenia, it is very important for us to observe any patient who has attained the state of complete remission, and to describe and report his state thereafter as long enough as

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