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J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2006 Jan-Feb;21(1):17-24, quiz 25-6.

Omega-3 fatty acids: role in cardiovascular health and disease.

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Dept. of Physiological Nursing, University of California-San Francisco, 2 Koret Way, San Francisco, CA 94143-0610, USA.


Dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids, play an important role in cardiovascular health and disease. Clinical trials provide substantial evidence to support current dietary recommendations for omega-3 fatty acids in cardiovascular disease management. The cardioprotective benefits of omega-3 fatty acids may be attributed to multiple physiological effects on lipids, blood pressure, vascular function, cardiac rhythms, platelet function, and inflammatory responses. The metabolism of omega-3 fatty acids, physiological effects, and clinical considerations with current dietary recommendations and sources of omega-3 fatty acids are presented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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