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J Urol. 2006 Feb;175(2):505-9.

Evidence for a biopsy derived grade artifact among larger prostate glands.

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1
Division of Urology, Princess Margaret Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The PCPT has demonstrated a higher incidence of high grade (Gleason pattern 4 or greater) prostate cancers among men randomized to finasteride. One plausible explanation for this finding is that tumor grade as assigned by TRUS guided biopsy is artifactually associated with prostate volume.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We evaluated our institutional data set of TRUS guided biopsies in the last 3 years and identified 369 cases of prostate cancer that fit the criteria of PSA less than 10 ng/ml, biopsy at our center and RP at our center. We identified risk factors for Gleason pattern 4 or greater on biopsy and then on RP specimens from the same patients using univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses. Assessed covariates included patient age, PSA and TRUS volume.

RESULTS:

Risk factors for Gleason pattern 4 or greater in the biopsy specimens included age (p = 0.01), hypoechoic lesions on TRUS (p <0.001) and TRUS volume (p = 0.008). However, among RP specimens TRUS volume (p = 0.60) became nonsignificant of Gleason pattern 4 or greater on multivariable analysis. Although prostate volume was a predictor for biopsy derived high grade disease it was not predictive of true histological grade.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data suggest that simply having a larger prostate results in fewer high grade cancers diagnosed at biopsy. Prostatectomy results in the same men suggest sampling artifact, as the distribution of cancer grade is not associated with prostate volume. These findings provide evidence that the increase in higher grade tumors among men in the finasteride arm of PCPT may simply result from prostate volume reduction.

PMID:
16406982
DOI:
10.1016/S0022-5347(05)00236-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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