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Trends Mol Med. 2006 Feb;12(2):65-75. Epub 2006 Jan 10.

Emerging medicinal roles for lysophospholipid signaling.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular Biology, Helen L. Dorris Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatric Disorder Institute, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.

Abstract

The two lysophospholipids (LPs) lysophosphatidic acid and sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) regulate diverse biological processes. Over the past decade, it has become clear that medically relevant LP activities are mediated by specific G protein-coupled receptors, implicating them in the etiology of a growing number of disorders. A new class of LP agonists shows promise for drug therapy: the experimental drug FTY720 is phosphorylated in vivo to produce a potent S1P receptor agonist (FTY720-P) and is currently in Phase III clinical trials for kidney transplantation and Phase II for multiple sclerosis. Recent genetic and pharmacological studies on LP signaling in animal disease models have identified new areas in which interventions in LP signaling might provide novel therapeutic approaches for the treatment of human diseases.

PMID:
16406843
DOI:
10.1016/j.molmed.2005.12.001
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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