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J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2006 Feb;17(2):168-79. Epub 2006 Jan 10.

A novel approach for identification and characterization of glycoproteins using a hybrid linear ion trap/FT-ICR mass spectrometer.

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Thermo Electron Corporation, Somerset, New Jersey 08873, USA.


Combining source collision-induced dissociation (CID) and tandem mass spectral acquisition in a pseudo-MS(3) experiment using a linear ion trap results in a highly selective and sensitive approach to identifying glycopeptide elution from a protein digest. The increased sensitivity is partially attributed to the nonselective nature of source CID, which allows simultaneous activation of all charge states and coeluting glycoforms generating greater ion abundance for the mass-to-charge (m/z) 204 and/or 366 oxonium ions. Unlike source CID alone, a pseudo-MS(3) approach adds selectivity while improving sensitivity by eliminating chemical noise during the tandem mass spectral acquisition of the oxonium ions in the linear ion trap. Performing the experiments in the hybrid linear ion trap/Fourier transform-ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) enables subsequent high-resolution/high-mass accuracy full-scan mass spectra (MS) and parallel acquisition of MS/MS in the linear ion trap to be completed in 2 s directly following the pseudo-MS(3) scan to collate identification and characterization of glycopeptides in one experimental scan cycle. Analysis of bovine fetuin digest using the combined pseudo-MS(3), high-resolution MS, and data-dependent MS/MS events resulted in identification of four N-linked and two O-linked glycopeptides without enzymatic cleavage of the sugar moiety or release of the sialic acids before analysis. In addition, over 95% of the total protein sequence was identified in one analytical run.

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