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Neurosci Lett. 2006 May 15;399(1-2):6-10. Epub 2006 Jan 10.

Electroacupuncture improves restraint stress-induced delay of gastric emptying via central glutaminergic pathways in conscious rats.

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1
Department of Surgery, Duke University and Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Surgical Service 112, 508 Fulton Street, NC 27705, USA.

Abstract

Acupuncture has been used for treating functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. Animal studies demonstrated that acupuncture improves various stress-induced physiological responses. We investigated the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at ST-36 (Zusanli; lower limb) on stress-induced delay of gastric emptying. Solid food gastric emptying in 90 min was significantly delayed by restraint stress (27.3 +/- 2.1%, n = 8), compared to that of controls (64 +/- 2.1%, n = 8). Restraint stress-induced delay of gastric emptying was significantly restored by the intracisternal (IC)-injection of GABA(A) receptor antagonist, bicuculline methiodide (46.5 +/- 3.1%; n = 6) and GABA(B) receptor antagonist, phaclofen (48 +/- 3.3%; n = 6). Delayed gastric emptying induced by restraint stress was significantly improved by EA at ST-36 (49.7 +/- 1.4%). The stimulatory effect of EA on stress-induced delay of gastric emptying was prevented by pretreatment with IC-injection of glutamate receptor antagonist, kynurenic acid (30.1 +/- 2.1%). In conclusion, restraint stress-induced delay of gastric emptying is mediated via central GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptors. EA at ST-36 stimulates glutaminergic neurons in the brainstem resulting in improvement of stress-induced delay of gastric emptying.

PMID:
16406343
DOI:
10.1016/j.neulet.2005.11.069
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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