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Glas Srp Akad Nauka Med. 2005;(48):119-35.

[Prediction of the splenectomy efficacy in chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura].

[Article in Serbian]

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Nuclear Medicine Institute.


The aim of this investigation was to estimate the possibility of predicting the splenectomy response in patients with chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). The patients' age, sex, megakaryocytes abundance, platelet blood count, production, life span, sequestration/destruction site were considered as possible predictive factors. Thirty-four ITP patients (23 female and 11 male) aged from five to 83 years were investigated. Platelet blood count ranged from 4 to 106 x 10(9)l (mean value was 43 x 10(9)/l). Megakaryocyte abundance was determined in 19/34 ITP patients. Megakaryocytes were numerous in 11/19, present in 7/19 ITP patients and in one patient low megakaryocyte number was registered. In all 34 ITP patients autologous platelet labelling with 111In-oxinate was performed and labelled platelets were reinjected to the ITP patients. This enabled platelet life span, production, sequestration index and sequestration/destruction site determination. Platelet life span ranged from 0,4-5 days (mean value was 1 day). Mean value for platelet production index was 1,1. Platelet sequestration/destruction site in 16 ITP patients was the spleen, and in two it was the liver. Mixed platelet sequestration/destruction site (the liver and the spleen) was registered in 7 ITP patients, while predominantly splenic sequestration/destruction was present in 9 ITP patients. All 34 ITP patients were later submitted to splenectomy, which is a therapeutic option in ITP. Splenectomy result was favorable in 28/34 ITP patients while it was unfavorable in 6/34 (17,6%). Highly significant correlation was noticed between the splenectomy result and platelet sequestration site (p < 0.01). On the other hand, there was no correlation between the splenectomy result on one side, and patient's age, sex, megakaryocyte abundance, platelet production, life span and blood count on the other. Splenectomy result was favorable in all ITP patients with splenic sequestration/detruction of labelled platelets. It was unfavorable in ITP patients with hepatic sequestration of labelled platelets. In ITP patients with mixed platelet sequestration (hepatic and splenic) there were more unfavorable than favorable splenectomy results. Non-invasive method of platelet labelling and platelet sequestration/ /destruction site determination makes easier the clinicians' and ITP patients' decision for the splenectomy in the case when the spleen is the only sequestration site of the labelled platelets, and against the splenectomy, when exclusively hepatic platelet sequestration/destruction is registered.

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