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J Mol Biol. 1992 Jul 20;226(2):349-66.

Sequence-specific DNA binding by a two zinc-finger peptide from the Drosophila melanogaster Tramtrack protein.

Author information

1
MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, England.

Abstract

We show that the DNA-binding domain of the Drosophila melanogaster regulatory protein Tramtrack consists of a 66 amino acid sequence containing two zinc-finger motifs and a short sequence N-terminal to the first finger motif. This short N-terminal sequence is essential for DNA binding and we suggest it is involved in maintaining the three-dimensional structure of the first finger domain, as has been seen in the nuclear magnetic resonance structure of one of the zinc-finger domains of the yeast transcription factor SW15. The characterization of the DNA-binding activity of this 66 residue peptide (delta 911zf) shows that it binds in a sequence-specific manner, as a monomer, to a natural target site with an apparent KD approximately 4 x 10(-7) M. The shortest delta 911zf binding site, which retains full affinity, consists of an 11 base-pair sequence with a one nucleotide overhang at each 5' end. DNase I, hydroxyl radical and methylation protection footprinting studies show that, in common with other zinc-finger proteins, delta 911zf binds in the major groove of DNA. The data presented are consistent with the zinc-fingers of Tramtrack contacting both strands of the DNA, and thus the binding differs in detail to that observed in the crystal structure of the three zinc-fingers of Zif268 complexed to their target DNA.

PMID:
1640455
DOI:
10.1016/0022-2836(92)90952-g
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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