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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2006 Jan;64(1):82-5.

Assessing the HPA axis in patients with pituitary disease: a UK survey.

Author information

1
Endocrinology Unit, Centre for Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Queen's Medical Research Institute, Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, UK. r.reynolds@ed.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Assessing the integrity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis following pituitary surgery is necessary to determine the requirement for glucocorticoid replacement therapy, but there remains controversy about the optimum way to measure this.

DESIGN AND MEASUREMENTS:

Postal questionnaire survey among UK endocrinologists to evaluate the current methods used.

RESULTS:

The response rate was low (81 out of 598 questionnaires mailed), although 85% were consultants. Fifty-five percent measured 9:00 h plasma cortisol in the immediate postoperative phase. Most carried out definitive testing between 4 and 12 weeks: 36% routinely used the insulin tolerance test (ITT), 59% used the short synacthen test (SST). The 30-min cortisol value was used by 67% as a 'pass' when interpreting the results. Others included cortisol measurement at 60 min (17%) or incremental value (7%). For long-term follow-up of patients not rendered ACTH-deficient by surgery, 64% used the SST for patients who had received radiotherapy. If patients had not had radiotherapy, 42% used the SST, whereas 33% did no routine testing unless the patient was symptomatic or there was evidence of tumour recurrence on imaging. If patients were symptomless but 'failed' the chosen test, 28% still treated the patient with glucocorticoid replacement, 38% retested before treatment and 24% recommended glucocorticoid cover for when unwell or 'stressed'. Fifty-six percent used hydrocortisone at doses of 20 mg/day as replacement therapy.

CONCLUSION:

Thus, assessment of the HPA axis remains controversial. Although the SST is becoming more popular, there is still considerable variation in the interpretation of results and, in particular, the decision of whether or not to treat with lifelong glucocorticoid replacement therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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