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Int J Clin Pharmacol Res. 2005;25(4):187-94.

Effects of ranitidine on quality of gastric ulcer healing compared with famotidine: a randomized, controlled, multicenter trial.

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Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, Abeno-ku, Japan.


Ranitidine has been found to have anti-inflammatory action as well as antisecretory action in experimental models. However, there are no reports in human gastric ulcer. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ranitidine compared with those of famotidine on the quality of gastric ulcer healing. We randomly assigned 69 consecutive patients with gastric ulcers to ranitidine (n = 34) or famotidine (n = 35) for 12 weeks, with endoscopic assessment of the quality of gastric ulcer healing and histological assessment of gastric mucosa 12 weeks after treatment started. Ulcer healing rates of over 95% were very similar in the two groups. The rates of ulcer scars with a flat pattern (good-quality healing) were significantly higher in the ranitidine group than in the famotidine group (per protocol, 63.0% and 34.5%, p = 0.033). The neutrophil infiltration score in the body mucosa treated with famotidine, but not ranitidine, significantly increased after treatment. In contrast, the mononuclear cell infiltration score in the antral mucosa treated with ranitidine, but not in that treated with famotidine, had significantly decreased. In conclusion, initial therapy with ranitidine significantly improved the quality of gastric ulcer healing and the histological scores of gastric mucosa compared with famotidine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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