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Pharmacogenomics J. 2006 May-Jun;6(3):211-9.

The role of Gilbert's syndrome and frequent NAT2 slow acetylation polymorphisms in the pharmacokinetics of retigabine.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, ALTANA Pharma AG, Konstanz, Germany. robert.hermann@altanapharma.com

Abstract

Retigabine (RGB) is an investigational antiepileptic drug, which undergoes extensive UGT1A1, 1A9 and 1A4-mediated N-glucuronidation and N-acetylation. The mono-acetylated metabolite of RGB has some pharmacological activity and is denoted AWD21-360. We investigated whether the pharmacokinetics (PK) of RGB and AWD21-360 are altered in subjects with Gilbert's syndrome (GS) and/or with frequent N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) slow acetylator (SA) polymorphisms. Based on consistent genotyping and phenotyping screening results, 37 Caucasian subjects (21-46 years; 31 men, six women) were assigned to one of the following groups: (1) absence of GS (non-GS)/rapid acetylator (RA) (N=11); (2) GS/RA (N=8); (3) non-GS/SA (N=11); (4) GS/SA (N=7). Subjects received single and multiple (b.i.d.) 200-mg oral RGB doses over 5 days. Blood samples were collected up to 60 h after dosing for plasma PK of RGB and AWD21-360. Group comparisons were performed by ANOVA. Single-dose PK of RGB and AWD21-360 and multiple-dose PK of RGB did not differ significantly between groups. After multiple dose treatment, RA subjects showed a significantly higher total exposure to AWD21-360 of about 32% (95% CI 101.9-172.5) relative to SA subjects (P=0.0362). The UGT1A1 metabolic capacity (i.e. presence or absence of GS), however, did not significantly affect the overall exposure to AWD21-360. The results indicate that the PK of RGB is unaltered in individuals with GS, in subjects with NAT2 SA status, and in carriers of both variants, whereas the total exposure to AWD21-360 is significantly related to the RA or SA status of subjects. Results further suggest that metabolic switching to the mono-acetylated metabolite AWD21-360 may partially compensate for the impaired glucuronidation capacity in GS subjects. RGB treatment showed no significant differences in tolerability and safety between groups.

PMID:
16402080
DOI:
10.1038/sj.tpj.6500359
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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