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J Lipid Res. 2006 May;47(5):975-81. Epub 2006 Jan 9.

Mass kinetics of apolipoprotein A-I in interstitial fluid after administration of intravenous apolipoprotein A-I/lecithin discs in humans.

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Diabetes Modeling Group, Department of Paediatrics, University of Cambridge, UK.


Apolipoprotein kinetics are customarily determined by modeling time curves of specific radioactivity or isotopic enrichment in plasma after intravenous infusion of radiolabeled lipoproteins or stable isotope-enriched amino acids. However, this provides no information on the fractional rate of transfer of the apolipoprotein from plasma to interstitial fluid (k(p-if)) or its mean residence time in interstitial fluid (MRT(if)). To determine these parameters for a pharmacologic dose of exogenous apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) given intravenously as apoA-I/lecithin discs, we measured apoA-I in plasma and prenodal leg lymph in five healthy men before, during, and after a 4 h infusion at 10 mg/kg/h. ApoA-I concentrations in plasma and lymph were modeled by linear compartmental models (SAAM II version 1.1), using lymph albumin to adjust for the effects of variations in lymph flow rate. k(p-if) averaged 0.75%/h (range, 0.33-1.32), and MRT(if) averaged 29.1 h (14.1-40.0). Neither parameter was correlated with the distribution volume (57-105 ml/kg) or the fractional elimination rate (1.44-2.91%/h) of apoA-I, determined by modeling plasma apoA-I concentration alone. Although used here to study the mass kinetics of apoA-I, if combined with infusion of a tracer, analysis of lymph could also expand the modeling of endogenous apolipoprotein kinetics.

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