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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2006 Feb;37(3):307-10.

Pre-transplant ganciclovir and post transplant high-dose valacyclovir reduce CMV infections after alemtuzumab-based conditioning.

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Section of Hematology/Oncology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.


Alemtuzumab (Campath-1H)-based conditioning regimens are effective in preventing GVHD, but are associated with very high rates of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, a major limitation to their use. We evaluated 85 patients receiving conditioning with fludarabine 30 mg/m2/day (day -7 to day -3), alemtuzumab 20 mg/day (day -7 to day -3), and melphalan 140 mg/m2 on day -2. The initial patients received post transplant CMV prophylaxis with high-dose acyclovir. A very high incidence of CMV viremia was observed as has been commonly reported after alemtuzumab-based conditioning. Sixty-seven subsequent patients received pre-transplant ganciclovir and high-dose valacyclovir after engraftment. The cumulative incidence of CMV infection in the valacyclovir cohort was 29%. This compared favorably to the cumulative incidence of 53% in patients receiving only acyclovir (P = 0.004) and to literature data. CMV prophylaxis with pre-transplant ganciclovir and high-dose valacyclovir after engraftment appears effective in preventing the excessive incidence of CMV infection after alemtuzumab-based conditioning regimens.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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