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Hum Mol Genet. 2006 Feb 15;15(4):569-79. Epub 2006 Jan 6.

Multi-level regulation of myotubularin-related protein-2 phosphatase activity by myotubularin-related protein-13/set-binding factor-2.

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Institute of Cell Biology, Dept. of Biology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH-Hönggerberg, CH-8093 Zürich, Switzerland.


Mutations in myotubularin-related protein-2 (MTMR2) or MTMR13/set-binding factor-2 (SBF2) genes are responsible for the severe autosomal recessive hereditary neuropathies, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) types 4B1 and 4B2, both characterized by reduced nerve conduction velocities, focally folded myelin sheaths and demyelination. MTMRs form a large family of conserved dual-specific phosphatases with enzymatically active and inactive members. We show that homodimeric active Mtmr2 interacts with homodimeric inactive Sbf2 in a tetrameric complex. This association dramatically increases the enzymatic activity of the complexed Mtmr2 towards phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate and phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate. Mtmr2 and Sbf2 are considerably, but not completely, co-localized in the cellular cytoplasm. On membranes of large vesicles formed under hypo-osmotic conditions, Sbf2 favorably competes with Mtmr2 for binding sites. Our data are consistent with a model suggesting that, at a given cellular location, Mtmr2 phosphatase activity is highly regulated, being high in the Mtmr2/Sbf2 complex, moderate if Mtmr2 is not associated with Sbf2 or functionally blocked by competition through Sbf2 for membrane-binding sites.

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