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Cell Death Differ. 2006 Sep;13(9):1515-22. Epub 2006 Jan 6.

Cytoplasmic and nuclear interaction between Rb family proteins and PAI-2: a physiological crosstalk in human corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells.

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Sbarro Institute for Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Center of Biotechnology, College of Science and Technology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.


Extracellular plasminogen activator inhibitor type-2 (PAI-2) is a potent inhibitor of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) and also acts as a multifunctional protein. However, the biological activity of intracellular PAI-2, as well as its intracellular targets, until now remain an enigma. Here, we show that pRb2/p130 and Rb1/p105, but not p107, interact with PAI-2 in both the cytoplasm and nucleus of normal primary human corneal and conjunctival epithelial cells. We provided the first in vivo evidence that a specific fragment of the PAI-2 promoter is bound simultaneously by pRb2/ p130, PAI-2, E2F5, histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1), DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), and histone methyltransferase (SUV39H1), in normal primary human corneal epithelial cells, and by pRb2/p130, PAI-2, E2F5, HDAC1, and DNMT1, in normal primary human conjunctiva epithelial cells. Our results strongly indicate a physiological interaction between pRb family members and PAI-2, suggesting the hypothesis that pRb2/p130 and PAI-2 may cooperate in modulating PAI-2 gene expression by chromatin remodeling, in normal corneal and conjunctival cells.

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