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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2006 Jan;25(1):75-8.

West Nile virus infection in the pediatric population.

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County of Los Angeles Department of Health Services, Public Health, Acute Communicable Diseases Control Program, Los Angeles, CA 90012, USA.


In 2004, Los Angeles County confirmed 11 cases of symptomatic West Nile virus (WNV) infections in children younger than 18 years of age. Eight had WNV fever, 2 had meningitis and 1 had encephalitis. Fever, rash, nausea and vomiting were the most prominent symptoms at presentation; median duration of illness was 7 days. Clinicians should be aware of the risk of WNV illness, confirm this diagnosis and report suspected WNV cases to their local health department.

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